The most common type of shin splints happen on the inside of legs. These medial shin splints are a running injury that results from a biomechanical flaw in your foot (which can be made worse by a shoe that doesn't offer enough support) and/or overtraining.
Shin splints are generally caused by excessive stretching of muscles and tendons along the shin bones (tibia and fibula). Overuse of these muscles by athletes in runners is the most common factor.
Excessive pronation of the feet can also be a major contributing factor. Over-pronation leads to internal tibial rotation and increases the tractional forces upon the muscles and ligaments in the lower leg
In the short term, rest is required to help alleviate shin pain; running and other strenuous activities should be avoided until the condition is minimized. Shin Splints can frequently be prevented by warming up before intense physical activity. It is important for athletes and runners to slowly build up their level of activity and always have a solid warm-up prior to sudden or intensive exercise. A change in running style to eliminate overstriding and heavy heel strike can also reduce shin pain in the long term.
Using appropriate footwear is also a good way to prevent and reduce the effect of shin splints, especially for runners who strike heavily with the heel. Running shoes with proper rear foot stability are important. Orthotic insoles are useful in that they help prevent over-pronation and provide heel cushioning to reduce impact while providing heel stability.
Achilles Tendonitis Achilles tendonitis is a condition of irritation and inflammation of the large tendon in the back of the ankle. This is a common running injury that typically occurs from abnormal foot stroke in push off and too-tight calf muscles.
Plantar Fasciitis Experienced as heel pain when you take your first steps after getting out of bed or after sitting for a long period of time, plantar fasciitis is a running injury most frequently caused by an abnormal motion of the foot or too-tight calf muscles.
Shin Splints The most common type of shin splints happen on the inside of legs. These medial shin splints are a running injury that results from a biomechanical flaw in your foot (which can be made worse by a shoe that doesn't offer enough support) and/or overtraining.
Runner's Knee Wearing away of the cartilage behind the kneecap, causing pain in the knee.
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