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Knee Pain - Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
Patellofemoral pain syndrome, also called retropatellar pain syndrome, refers to anterior knee pain emanating from the patellofemoral joint and supporting soft tissues. Patellofemoral pain syndrome is an early indication of cartilage softening that can progress to frank cartilaginous damage. Patients generally report that anterior knee pain is worse when the knee is loaded (eg, when climbing or descending stairs, during prolonged sitting or squatting).

Treatment
Quadriceps strengthening is commonly suggested because the quadricep muscles help to stabilize the patella. Stretching of the hip, hamstring, calf, and iliotibial band may help restore proper biomechanics. Furthermore, the use of a foam roller may help to add flexibility and relieve pain from sore or stiff muscles in the leg.

Patellofemoral pain syndrome may also result from overuse or overload of the PF joint. For this reason, knee activity should be reduced until the pain is resolved

To reduce inflammation, ice can be applied to the PF joint after an activity. The ice should be kept in place for 10 to 15 minutes. Additionally anti-inflammatory drugs such NSAIDs can also be taken immediately after an activity.

  

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Knee Pain - Chondromalacia - Irritation Under The Kneecap
Chondromalacia is a term used to describe damage or softening of the articular cartilage on the underside of the kneecap. It is similar to patellofemoral pain syndrome (runner's knee), which refers to pain under and around the knee cap.
  
  
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